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The term “nationalism” is generally used to describe two phenomena:

  • (1) the attitude of members of a nation who care about their national identity and
  • (2) the actions undertaken by members of a nation when they are seeking to obtain (or retain) self-determination.

(1) raises questions about the concept of nation (or national identity), which is often defined in terms of common origin, ethnicity or cultural ties; whilst an individual’s membership of a nation is mostly regarded as involuntary, it is under certain circumstances considered to be voluntary.
(2) raises questions about whether self-determination must be understood as full statehood with complete authority over domestic and international affairs, or whether something less is sufficient.

(in "Globalisation Processes A")

Natural capital/resource

Natural capital is a category of livelihood assets. It is the term for the natural resource stocks (e.g. trees, land, clean air, coastal resources) people rely on.
(in "Livelihood Research Perspective - Assets, Practices, and Wellbeing")


Neo-liberalism is an economic (and political) theory that rejects government intervention in domestic as well as international economical activities and favours competition between actors at all levels, from the individual up to the nation-state. It preaches free domestic market, free international trade, no restrictions on business activities and the protection of private property.
(in "Globalisation Processes B")

New Economy

The label of New Economy was used in the late 1990 as a result of the fast growth in the information technology branch. It supposes that the economic model resulting of the increased role of those technologies is different than the traditional industrial capitalist model. However, many critics affirm that the new economy is not a change of model, but merely the integration of new technologies within the traditional economic model.
(in "Globalisation Processes A")

New Left

New Left is a loose grouping of intellectual movements in the UK and US from the 1950s onwards, drawing on Marxism, and concerned with promoting socialism. The New Left tended to be critical of the Soviet Union, and distanced itself from rigid forms of Marxist analysis.
(in "Development Theories")

Non-industrialised countries

See Developing countries
(in "Describing Poverty")


See Developed countries
(in "Describing Poverty")

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