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Rational choice theory

Rational choice theory refers to a relatively formal approach to sociological and social science theorising (e.g. drawing upon the ‘theory of games’ notion of ‘strategic interaction’ and economics), in which it is maintained that social life is principally capable of explanation as the outcome of the ‘rational choice’ of individual actors.
(in "Theorising Inequality and Change")


La recherche-action est une méthodologie de recherche qui, dès la formulation du projet, a pour but de se prolonger dans l’action, c’est-à-dire à s’engager activement dans la transformation de la réalité observée, ceci au profit des populations les plus défavorisées et avec elles. La méthodologie de la recherche-action repose ainsi sur l'interdisciplinarité, la participation, l'opérationnalité et l'itération.
(in "Habitat and Urban Development")


According to Anthony Giddens, reflexivity describes the process through which knowledge about social phenomena affects the way individuals act about this society and thus contribute to change or reproduce this society. In other words reflexivity describes an individual’s capability to think about (or reflect on) things that happen around him or her and to act accordingly.
(in "Globalisation Processes A")

Relative Poverty

Relative poverty defines poverty relatively to each social setting (usually at the level of the nation-state). Standards are usually set with reference to divergence from the average situation within a society.
(in "Describing Poverty")


Remittances are money transfers earned by migrant workers to their home countries. For many countries remittances form an important share of their GDPs.
(in "Migration")

Reproductive activities

Activities that maintain the household, including raising and caring for children, cooking, cleaning, watching, fetching water and fuel, going shopping and building and maintaining the home.
(in "Methodologies and Methods of Livelihoods Research")

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